We remind you that in a previous article we began the story of a saber and a curved sword. Today, talking about the use of saber.
Unlike other types of swords, a saber to set the basic scope: saber is a cavalry weapon. This may seem contradictory, as the main weapon of the western knights was still a straight two-edged sword. Therefore, you must specify: the saber is a weapon of horse people, easy, no armored cavalry. Although the light saber can not do much against the heavy steel armor, it is very effective against enemy in light armor. As already mentioned, this is achieved by pulling-cutting action. This contributes to greater running speed horse.
Here, however, be mentioned that this effect has its limits. Too much bending effect is negative: this saber has only limited application.
Another effect is that the striking sword curved blade at the canter is easier than direct, aiming to correct the error that occurs due to high speed. Thanks to the excellent cutting action, saber could be done much lighter than the sword - for horse people are losing weight was of great importance. Taking into account these facts, it is not surprising that the saber has evolved into a cavalry weapon.
In medieval sword was distributed mainly in East and Eastern Europe, while the rest of Europe due to heavy armor generally not used. This situation changed in the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance. European nations are increasingly drawn into the fight against horse peoples of the East.
In the application against the troopers, often dressed only in light armored shirt, a saber was stunningly effective. The stronger the armor on the back burner due to the increasing frequency of use of firearms, the wider the spread sword, until finally, in the XVIII century in Europe has not become a fashionable weapon.
To understand the saber, you need to introduce some new terms. It is logical that the curved blade of saber can not be measured "normal" standard. Therefore, especially for her has developed a special system.
Especially important are two values:
• Length of the blade (sometimes in contrast to direct the sword is also determined by the length of the chord): measured by direct vector from base to tip.
• The degree of curvature: the greatest distance measured from the blade to the vector.
With these two magnitudes can be accurately set relative to the value of the bend (for Japanese swords used a special nomenclature). Along with the length of the blade and the degree of curvature of the important detail is also elman: this is called a Tartar word wide double-edged part of the blade on the cutting edge.
In addition, a saber with a pistol butt more often than not have a head: instead of it - the so-called tip of the handle.