As promised in a previous post, today tells of the Turkish and Persian sabers.
Two types of oriental swords particularly strong spread in Europe: Turkish and Persian. Turkish saber had a greater impact on Europe. The question of whether this is due to the fact that the Turks as our neighbors closer to us geographically, or with what type of Turkish saber is more practical to use against European armor than other types, there will not be debated. Handle both types are bent in the shape of a gun, bow - direct and cross-shaped, with flared or spheric endings. From the arches along the base of the tongue are usually held two straight in the hole scabbard firmly hold them the saber. Head stick there, instead of the end of the arm more or less strongly curved. The shank is not until the end of the handle. It is relatively wide, and two or three places to him rivets lining arm, is made generally of bone or ivory.This type of arm was in vogue in the XVIII-XIX centuries under the name "Mameluke hilt."
Turkish saber kily (=kilij) has a wide curved blade, which often has a pronounced elman.
Blades tend to have broad dale, sometimes - the T-shaped cross section and length of 60-70 centimeters. If the curvature was strong or elman was too wide, the sheath at the bottom end on the back had a slot that allowed to pull out a blade. Steel tip was elastic, spring for pulling from the slot towards the rear and covered her.
Persian saber Shamshir ("lion's tail"), also called scimitar, at first glance, very similar to Turkish saber.
However, most of its strongly curved blade, is more narrow and has no elmani. Cross-section blade - wedge-shaped, flat shape.
The name " scimitar " currently erroneously used for various types of sabers and curved swords. Therefore, to avoid misunderstanding, it is better to say "Shamshir».
As already mentioned, the sword began to spread in Europe since the XV century.Despite its special position luxurious weapons, there are many relatively modest sabers, conceived as a weapon of ordinary soldiers. Another group XVI in early XVII century known as the "sword in the German-rimmed." We are talking about saber equipped with a fully developed rapier or basket hilt. This simple weapons produced in Germany and was bought with pleasure aristocrats to arm ordinary foot soldiers. The most widely it was circulated in Germany and Scandinavia. In Norway, it was called also Sinclair’s saber.
According to legend, these swords were taken as a trophy in Scottish squad, led by Captain Sinclair, who attacked on Norway. A special group mounted in Germany sabers formed duzage (not to be confused with hatchets). Their hilt has a triangular cup, folded to the head arm.